Объем экспортных поставок торфа на мировой рынок за 2014-2018 гг увеличился на 7,2%: с 9,25 до 9,92 млн т.

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Основными экспортерами торфа в мире в 2018 г были Латвия, Германия и Канада.

Объем экспортных поставок торфа на мировой рынок за 2014-2018 гг увеличился на 7,2%: с 9,25 до 9,92 млн т.

По данным «Анализа мирового рынка торфа», подготовленного BusinesStat в 2019 г, объем его экспортных поставок на мировой рынок за 2014-2018 гг увеличился на 7,2%: с 9,25 до 9,92 млн т.  В 2018 г имело место небольшое снижение показателя (на 0,4% к уровню 2017 г), в 2015-2017 гг отмечался его рост.

Основными экспортерами торфа в мире в 2018 г были Латвия, Германия и Канада. Доля Латвии в мировом экспорте торфа составила 18,4%, Германии – 15,9%, Канады – 12,4%. Необходимо также отметить значительные объемы вывоза из таких стран, как Нидерланды (11,3% от мирового объема экспорта), Эстония (10,5%), Литва (8,5%), Ирландия (7,7%). По итогам 2018 г на долю вышеперечисленных стран пришлось 84,6% всего мирового экспорта торфа.

Добыча торфа в прибалтийских странах (Латвия, Литва и Эстония) является полностью экспортноориентированной. Торфяную продукцию страны Балтии поставляют во многие страны мира, причем буквально на всех континентах, что свидетельствует о повсеместном спросе на этот продукт, а также об экономической целесообразности морских перевозок торфопродуктов на большие расстояния. Кроме значительных запасов торфа эти страны обладают географическим преимуществом перед остальными странами – близость мест добычи торфа к морским портам.

Отметим, что Нидерланды, занимающие 4 место по экспорту торфа в мире, являются при этом крупнейшим импортером данной продукции. Дело в том, что в стране в больших объемах перерабатывается импортированный торф в торфяные смеси сельскохозяйственного назначения, который потом экспортируется во многие страны мира.

По прогнозам BusinesStat, с 2019 по 2023 гг объем экспорта торфа в мире будет ежегодно расти в среднем на 1,9%. В 2023 г объем продукции, вывезенной из стран мира, достигнет 10,92 млн т, что превысит уровень 2018 г на 10,1%. При этом в тройке стран-лидеров ожидается перераспределение ведущих позиций. Так, в 2023 г на долю Латвии будет приходиться 19,7% от общемирового объема экспортных поставок продукции. Второе место в 2023 г займет Канада с долей 13,7%, а третье – Германия (12,2%).

Источник: ria-news.ru

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